What Foods to Eat and Avoid in Prostate Enlargement?

Reference- Charak samhita (Siddhi sathan)-Chapter-9- Shalok no-36

When Vayu gets stuck (retention) in the urinary bladder and rectum -which leads to abdominal flatulence and causes pain and inflammation in the urinary bladder.

As Per Modern Aspect

The prostate is a gland which produces fluid that carries sperm during ejaculation. This gland surrounds the urethra through which urine passes out of the body. Prostate enlargement is often called benign prostatic hyperplasia. It is not considered as cancer but may raise the risk for prostate cancer.

As Per Ayurveda Aspect

Prostate enlargement is correlated with mutrashtheela (मूत्राष्टीला). When vaat (वायु) starts creating an obstruction in the urinary bladder and anal region then it produces a stony mobile mass, which is extremely painful and causes an obstruction in the passage of urine and faeces.

What are the Causes of Prostate Enlargement?

The main cause of prostate enlargement is unknown (अज्ञात कारण). There may be age factor or any other changes in the cells of testicles (अंडकोष की कोशिकाएं) may have a role in the growth of gland as well as testosterone levels. Men who had testicular cancer and their testicles had been removed at a young age do not develop BPH.

This is the most common disease and all men will tend to develop enlarged prostate if they live long enough.

What are the Symptoms(लक्षण) of Prostate Enlargement?

Symptoms depend upon the severity of prostate gland and enlargement varies and they tend to gradually worsen with time. Here are some common symptoms that include

  1. Frequent urination (बार बार मूत्र आना)
  2. Urgency to pass urine (मूत्र की बार बार प्रवृति होना)
  3. Continued dribbling of urine (मूत्र का थोड़ी थोड़ी मात्रा में निकलते रहना)
  4. Difficulty in passing urine (मूत्र करने में परेशानी होना)
  5. Dribbling at the end of urination (मूत्र का अंत में धीरे धीरे निकलना)

There may be fewer common symptoms

  1. Bloody urine (मूत्र में रक्त का आना)
  2. Urinary tract infection (मूत्रवह स्रोतस में संक्रमण)
  3. Inability to pass urine (मूत्र करने में असमर्थता)

Other Common Symptoms are

  • Urethral stricture (narrowing of urethra) (मूत्रमार्ग संकीर्ण हो जाना)
  • Inflammation of prostate (prostatitis) (पौरुष ग्रंथि में शोथ)
  • Renal or bladder stones (वृक्क अश्मरी)
  • Prostate or bladder cancer (पौरुष ग्रंथि या मूत्राशय का कैंसर)

What are the Risk Factors of Prostate Enlargement?

  • Family history (सहज रोग): Having a family member such as brother or father with such disease are more likely to have such problems.
  • Lifestyle (विहार): Another common cause is obesity and it increases the risk of prostate enlargement.
  • Aging (आयु): These signs and symptoms are rarely common in men younger than the age of 40. Symptoms may be moderate to severe by the age of 60-80 years. and increases by reaching to
  • Other diseases: Other diseases such as diabetes as well as heart disease might increase the risk of prostate enlargement.

What foods to Eat and Avoid in Prostate Enlargement?

1. Mushroom

Mushrooms are the rich source of antioxidants that prevent the damage of cells from associated toxins and other substances. They have the ability to fight against cancer and its related symptoms. It also contains lentinan which has anti-cancerous properties that inhibits the development of colon cancer. One of the main components present in it is ergosterol peroxide which has a good effect on human prostate cancer by triggering apoptosis and inhibiting cell growth.

2. Green Tea

Green tea has several medicinal properties which are attributed to antioxidant compounds called catechins. These catechins are the type of polyphenols that destroy certain bacteria and virus, boosts the body’s immune system and fights against several forms of cancer, including prostate cancer. Several kinds of catechins have been identified by experts and epigallocatechin gallate is the most potent catechin. This catechin lowers the prostate enlargement. Men who consume at least three to four cups of green tea have reduced the risk of prostate cancer.

3. Pomegranate

Pomegranate is rich in antioxidants and also rich in a phytonutrient called ellagitannin which is helpful in promoting prostate health. Its extract can slow down the reproduction of prostate cancer cells and prevents the symptoms related to it. Components present in pomegranate called ellagitannins to interfere in the growth of new blood vessels and prevent the symptoms related to enlarged prostate.

4. Tomatoes

Tomatoes are the superior source of the phytonutrient called lycopene and it has the property to enhance the prostate health. Tomatoes in several forms such as sauce, soup, paste, and juice have an antioxidant property that protects the prostate. Fresh tomatoes are very nutritious and their antioxidant property increases when they are in processed form. Its processing form breaks down the cell walls of tomatoes which provides accessibility to the body. Several results show that processed tomatoes really enhance the prostate health.

5. Broccoli

Broccoli is the richest source of phytonutrient which has anticancerous properties. This vegetable also contains sulforaphane which enhances the activity of the body’s detoxification enzymes and eliminates the cancer-causing elements more quickly.

6. Turmeric and Milk

Turmeric has an anti-inflammatory as well as analgesic properties that reduce the pain as well as inflammation associated with prostate enlargement. Consume turmeric milk daily once in a day.

7. Vegetables

Other vegetables such as spinach, cabbage, garlic, ginger, onion, pumpkin, cauliflower, and carrot are very helpful in prostate enlargement.

8. Fruits

Fruits have antioxidant properties that are very helpful in this condition which prevent the damage of healthy cells caused by free radicals. Several fruits such as papaya, watermelon, sugarcane, strawberries, cranberries, grapes, mango, and etc are very helpful in this disease.

9. Herbs

Fenugreek, coriander, mint, basil, olive oil, sunflower oil, cumin, thyme, flaxseed oil etc are very helpful.

Other Food Products

  1. Intake of soaked or roasted almonds, low fat dairy products, cow ghee, peanuts, and peanut butter is very useful in this condition.
  2. Consume pumpkin seed powder with one glass of milk that improves the symptoms related to prostate enlargement.
  3. Drink a lot of water daily (About 8 glasses of water a day).

Foods to Avoid

  1. Avoid the consumption of oily foods and caffeine-containing products such as tea, coffee, chocolate etc.
  2. Avoid the intake of calcium-rich foods, high fat containing milk and milk products, saturated fatty products.